consequences of the homestead act

By 1876, over six million acres of land had been ‘claimed’, it encouraged immigration from Europe, and people began to … // Treesearcher;Jul2012, Vol. Eventually, many farms across the High Plains would be planted to hard red winter wheat. Not only were men and women moving out into a place they knew little about, they were facing elements that they had previously been warned about by those before them. The Leon Daily sod house near Milburn, Custer County, Nebraska. This encouraged people to travel west, which allowed the nation and economy to grow. HOMESTEAD ACT (1862) The Homestead Act, passed by the Republican-dominated Congress during the American Civil War (1861 – 1865), was intended to place public land in the hands of western settlers. Already a Member? These 160-acre plots were known as homesteads. Southern legislators believed homesteading would be of little use in the plantation system that required hundreds of acres. Employers argued that it would deplete the labour market, thereby increasing wages. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act into law in 1862. The Homestead Act offered people a way of acquiring land without the needed capital. The Homestead Strike was a mere start of labor problems in the United States. Prior to the act, the U.S. government auctioned or sold public land in large lots that ordinary citizens could not afford to buy or manage. Pupils then consolidate their learning by explaining two consequences of the Homestead Act as per the Edexcel GCSE Paper 2 question One ‘The American West’. (Contains 63 notes.) The Homestead Act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862, and took effect on January 1, 1863. The act, which offered 160 acres of land to any qualified homesteader who paid a modest filing fee, built a home, planted at least 10 acres of crops and remained on his or her claim for at least five years, has been called the most important act ever passed for the benefit of the American people. Almost five times as much land was given away, for free, to immigrants as was reserved for all Indian nations combined. And after the fields had been plowed and planted, settlers still faced the perils of drought, hailstorms, prairie fires, blizzards, relentless wind and swarms of locusts. That Settles It: The Debate and Consequences of the Homestead Act of 1 862 1 1 9 After 1852, the Free Soil Party's popularity declined, but from its free-soil, Some left their homelands because of crop failures and economic depression. Over enthusiastic expectations of the Acts Sponsor’s in Congress 3. About 93 million Americans living today are the descendants of homesteaders who filed claims under the Homestead Act, according to historians at the Homestead National Monument of America, located near Beatrice, Nebraska. You can still find their descendants living in places like Denmark, Kansas; Bruno, Nebraska; New Holland, South Dakota; Bismarck, North Dakota; and Glasgow, Montana. Farmers in the United States each year now produce more than $200 billion of cattle, hogs, poultry and eggs, grains, fruit, vegetables, and dairy products. 54 Issue 3, p73 . The Homestead Act opened up more than half a million square miles in the Western half the the United States during the Civil War. The Homestead Act allowed families to claim 160-acres of land for just $10, provided it was used to set up a family home and for farming. The lure of free land prompted millions of Europeans to immigrate to the United States in the years following the Civil War. New homesteaders quickly discovered it was backbreaking work to ‘bust’ the native sod with a walking plow hitched behind a team of oxen or horses. The achievements and limitations of the Act. It is located west of Beatrice, about 40 miles south of the state capital of Lincoln. Another amended act, the national Stock-Raising Homestead Act, was passed in 1916 and granted 640 acres (260 ha) for ranching purposes. The act, which offered 160 acres of land to any qualified homesteader who paid a modest filing fee, built a home, planted at least 10 acres of crops and remained on his or her claim for at least five years, has been called the most important act ever passed for the benefit of the American people. But many of us can trace our heritage to parents, grandparents or great-grandparents who spent their lives on a farm. 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