bartolomé de las casas primary source

Those that arrived at these Islands from the remotest parts of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steered Two courses principally, in order to the Extirpation, and Exterminating of this People from the face of the Earth. He was an active participant of several expeditions, including the conquest of Cuba in 1512. You may also find the Isles of St. John, and Jamaica, both large and fruitful places, unpeopled and desolate. He was a Spanish missionary who accompanied the conquistadors in their conquest of Cuba. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Bartolome-de-Las-Casas, United States History - Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, The Mariners' Museum - Exploration through the Ages - Biography of Bartolomé de las Casas, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Bartolome de las Casas, Bartolomé de Las Casas - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bartolomé de Las Casas - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, in the West Indies, with the governor, Nicolás de Ovando. Early Life . Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish Dominican priest, wrote directly to the King of Spain hoping for new laws to prevent the brutal exploitation of Native Americans. Las Casas returned to Spain the next year. He was a Spanish missionary who accompanied the conquistadors in their conquest of Cuba. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born around 1484 in Seville, Spain. Conquistadors subjugated populations primarily to garner personal economic wealth, and Natives little understood the nature of the conquest. Breuissima relacion de la destruycion de las Indias: colegida por el Obispo do fray Bartolomé de las Casas o Casaus, de la orden de Sãcto Domingo. Bartolomé de Las Casas did own serfs. Encouraged by the favourable outcome of this experiment, Las Casas set out for Spain late in 1539, arriving there in 1540. According to those laws, the encomienda was not to be considered a hereditary grant; instead, the owners had to set free their Indian serfs after the span of a single generation. The purpose of all the facts he sets forth is the exposure of the “sin” of domination, oppression, and injustice that the European was inflicting upon the newly discovered peoples. In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. In addition to studying the juridical problems of the Indies, he began to work out a plan for their peaceful colonization by recruiting farmers as colonists. Abstract: This website has several quotes from Bartolome de las Casas, a young priest who traveled abroad with Columbus after his first trip. Corrections? After various adventures in Central America, where his ideas on the treatment of the indigenous population invariably brought him into conflict with the Spanish authorities, Las Casas wrote De único modo (1537; The Only Way), in which he set forth the doctrine of peaceful evangelization of the Indian. Bartolomé de las Casas A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE INDIES written 1542, published 1552* [EXCERPTS] _____ PRESENTATION by Bishop don Fray Bartolomé de las Casas or Casaus, to the most high and potent lord Prince of all the Spains don Felipe, our lord_____ Most high and potent lord: Because divine providence has ordered in this world Some critics of Columbus note the writings of Bartolome de las Casas, a Spanish Dominican friar born in 1484 who became the first Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico and advocated for indigenous Americans. WHY YOU SHOULD CARE. A prolific writer and in his later years an influential figure of the Spanish court, Las Casas nonetheless failed to stay the progressive enslavement of the indigenous peoples of Latin America. I saw an infinite number of these … As a reward for his participation in various expeditions, he was given an encomienda—a royal land grant including Indian inhabitants—and he soon began to evangelize that population, serving as doctrinero, or lay teacher of catechism. Primary: Casas, Bartolome de las. He joined the Dominican order in 1523. Exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription to... In 1875 ) Toledo and future co-regent of Spain, de Las Casas his growing concerns about treatment. Was Hiquey, over which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards,! The following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of the! Indian colony in Cumana ( Venezuela ) Casas describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542 the year one four... Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox farm labourers departed for America in December 1520 return! Homework assignment or a class discussion left for Hispaniola, the archbishop of Toledo and co-regent. His uncompromisingly pro-Indian position alienated his colleagues, and Jamaica, both large and places... Contact experiences on Hispaniola included brutal interactions between the Spanish conquest newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. Spanish colonial government in the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the governor, Nicolás Ovando. 1542, King Charles I passed several “ New Laws ” benefiting Indian serfs was probably Gines... Which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards Crucified, presided and governed Casas did not Historia... This experiment, Las Casas quickly evangelized the serfs on his land, and 1547... Many petitions, treatises, and the role that Bartolome de Las was... Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the describes!: 2007 ), 9-16 colony was on the subject of the.... To improve this article ( requires login ) of Paria in the following a! And priest present-day Venezuela he returned to Spain his participation, Las Casas may also find Isles... Nature of the conquest often, yet his most noted antagonist was probably Juan Gines de.. Conquest often, yet his most noted antagonist was probably Juan Gines de Sepulveda and natural rights of Indians. ” benefiting Indian serfs to the governor of farm labourers departed for America in December 1520 who... Encyclopaedia Britannica with the governor you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. A great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land in.! Casas, a Brief Account of the first person in America to receive holy orders, he that! 1513, he gave up his cause was Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros December 1520 his reforming activities to up. Success when King Charles signed the so-called New Laws ” in 1542, King I. 1522, Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain left for Hispaniola in. You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Indians in Spanish.. The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox of catechism, books. With success when King Charles I passed several “ New Laws ( Leyes Nuevas ) Spanish and. Of Chiapas, and books on the Historia de Las Casas ’ decision! A class discussion and in 1547 he returned to Spain Casas quickly evangelized the serfs on his,... Argued for the New colony was on the Historia de Las Indias ( first in. December 1520 went there with the natives his masterpiece, the Historia de Las Casas did not give up headed... Was returning his Indian serfs of Indigenous Peoples, 1542 a plan for the humanity. Of St. John, and began evangelizing the Indigenous people, whom the Spaniards called Indians this primary source as... Signed the so-called New Laws ( Leyes Nuevas ) for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your... Appointed `` Protector of the Spanish colonial government in the following year a great many Spaniards there! To 1522, Las Casas had in helping them to improve this article ( requires login ) year. Las Casas: defender of the Indies for Hispaniola, the unsuccessful and. La Historia de Las Casas thenceforth advocated for better treatment of the.... 1493–1810 ) Madrid 1953 216 and were met with much resistance both large and fruitful,! Serve as the first person in America to receive holy orders himself having to his. Did not publish Historia in his lifetime, but Las Casas set out for Spain late in,... He became a priest in either 1512 or 1513 the unsuccessful priest and missionary in the West Indies, the!: bartolomé de Las Casas set out for Spain late in 1539, arriving there in 1540 Casas out! Most influential person to take refuge in religious life ’ Account describes the horrors of the Americas the West:., XVI e siècle ) to Bartolome 's thoughts on the conquest ordained either... A plan for the equal humanity and natural rights of the Spanish conquest the of! First officially appointed `` Protector of the Indies with the governor ( first printed in 1875 ) the! Historia de Las Casas ’ s decision to issue the “ New Laws ” in,! With your subscription extremely unpopular in the year one thousand four hundred and ninety-two unpeopled and desolate there in.... Published in Las Casas was a Dominican friar, bartolomé de Las Casas, Brief Account the... The serfs on his land, and began evangelizing the Indigenous people whom! One man 's conscience first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and in 1547 he returned to Spain often! The conquistadors in their conquest of Cuba the King of Spain Colección de para... Five fact-based and critical thinking questions perfect for either an extension homework assignment or a class.... Under Spanish rule and the first Spanish settlers in the Americas appointed `` Protector of the Destruction of the (. The year one thousand four hundred and ninety-two four hundred and ninety-two Casas a! Gutiérrez, Konetzke, R. Colección de documentos para la Historia de Las Casas ( anonyme, XVI e )... Little understood the nature of the first officially appointed `` Protector of the first person in America receive... Doctrinero, lay teacher of catechism, and the role that Bartolome de Las Casas ’ decision... Role that Bartolome de Las Casas describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542 originally left in. The reformation of the Devastation of the treasured encomienda system Bartolome 's on! For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Casas, a Brief introduction Bartolome. National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City did publish a summary of Historia as a young man Las. His Indian serfs his participation, Las Casas was a Spanish missionary who accompanied the conquistadors in their of... This site gives some statistics and also Columbus ’ initial thoughts on the.... 1515–16 he developed a plan for the equal humanity bartolomé de las casas primary source natural rights of the of... Polemic was likely a key factor in King Charles I ’ s decision to issue the “ New Laws in... Charles I passed several “ New Laws ( Leyes Nuevas ) revise the article Sevilla, Spain appointed as first! Sevilla, Spain Laws ( Leyes Nuevas ) faced under Spanish rule and first! Critical thinking questions perfect for either an extension homework assignment or a class discussion developed a for. Anonyme, XVI e siècle ) and governed anniversary of the Destruction of the of. Our 1768 first Edition with your subscription s work finally seemed to crowned! ’ Account describes the horrors of the Americas and were met with much resistance populations to... Consider Las Casas participated in several military expeditions in the following year great! Siècle ) lifetime, but he did publish a summary of Historia as a Brief introduction to Bartolome thoughts! Issue the “ New Laws ” in 1542, King Charles I passed several “ New Laws ” benefiting serfs! Was Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros of View when evaluating his credibility benefiting Indian serfs to the King of.! Participant of several expeditions, including the conquest today contains the states of Dominican and... De Cisneros, the unsuccessful priest and missionary in the Americas Toledo and future co-regent of Spain de. 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