list of pharaohs

It is believed that Kin… The Fifteenth Dynasty was started by the Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent. Also known as Nekhtnebef. Had a co-regency lasting at least one year based on a text found at, Started the 13th Dynasty. Effected comprehensive reforms of the Egyptian administration. Possibly the immediate predecessor of Narmer. His existence has been questioned. Some sources suggest he may have reigned before. Son of. Pharaohs were typically male, although there were some noteworthy female leaders, like Hatshepsut and Cleopatra. The identity and sex of this individual is uncertain. Possibly the longest reigning monarch of human history with 94 years on the throne. Some time after these events, a rival line based at Thebes revolted against their nominal Northern overlords and united Upper Egypt. The king who combined Upper and Lower Egypt. The Sixth Dynasty ruled from 2345 to 2181 BC. Barry Kemp (a1), Andrew Boyce and James Harrell. This opening of trade led to the downfall of the Middle Kingdom, caused by an invasion from the Hyksos. Cleopatra VII had affairs with Roman dictator Julius Caesar and Roman general Mark Antony, but it was not until after her suicide (after Mark Antony was defeated by Octavian, who would later be Emperor Augustus Caesar) that Egypt became a province of the Roman Republic in 30 BC. In the centuries after Aegyptiaca was produced, rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history, saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view. When the Hyksos left Upper Egypt, the Egyptian ruling house in Thebes set itself up as the Seventeenth Dynasty. This table should be contrasted with Known kings of the 13th Dynasty. Archaic Period (3150-2686 BCE) Dynasty 0 (3150-3050 BCE) Scorpion. “A chronological list of the rulers and pharaohs of Ancient Egypt and Nubia based on kings lists kept by the ancient Egyptians: the Palermo Stone, the Abydos Kings List, and the Turin Canon.” She was probably the wife of, He was once seen as a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd, lost control of Upper Egypt in 656 BC when, Most likely the pharaoh mentioned in several books of the, He was the last great ruler of Egypt before the Persian conquest. The Archaic period includes the Early Dynastic Period, when Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt were ruled as separate kingdoms. They were forced from Egypt back into Nubia, where they set up a kingdom at Napata (656–590), and, later, at Meroë (590 BC – 4th century AD). 1-12) Archibald Sayce gave comparative data on several of these lists in his book The Ancient Empires of the East (1884), in addition to the lists found in Herodotus, Diodorus, Eratosthenes, and even a fanciful list foun… Co-regent and successor of Akhenaten. It is considered by later Egyptians to have been their greatest dynasty. There is a lot of evidence to prove his reign. The Third Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. It is here given as per Ryholt, however this reconstruction of the dynasty is heavily debated with the position of the five kings preceding Nehesy highly disputed. Was murdered by her own son Ptolemy X. He tried to recapture the territories in what is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Eighteenth Dynasty. The old lists are different in naming these rulers. The first known archeologically attested female Pharaoh. Hatshepsut, in particular, was a successful ruler, but many inscriptions and monuments about her were destroyed after her death—perhaps to stop future women from becoming pharaohs. Founded the 13th Dynasty. King Menes unifies Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom and moves the capital to Memphis founding the first dynasty … It expanded far into Nubia in the south, and held wide territories in the Near East. The Old Kingdom is known for the large number of pyramids. Ramses IIruled during th… The position of the following kings is uncertain: The Fourteenth Dynasty was a local group from the eastern Delta, based at Avaris,[78] that ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until around 1650 BC. Possibly could read Serqet; maybe the same person as. Cleopatra tried to create a dynastic and political union between Egypt and Rome. The 11th dynasty came from a group of Theban nomarchs who served the kings of the 8th, 9th or 10th dynasty. Tutankhamun’s reign started from 1333 to 1323… Possibly to be identified with horus Demedjibtawy, in which case he is attested by a decree from the temple of Min. 2670 BC; Radiocarbon dates start reign between 2691 and 2625, Did not build a pyramid and instead had the, Here some sources put Djedefptah also known as. The kingdom ruled from 2686 to 2181 BC. This was the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. The Middle Kingdom (2060–1802 BC) is the period from the end of the First Intermediate Period to the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period. Maybe read Sekhen rather than Ka. Giza King List (6th Dynasty); painted with red, green and black ink on gypsum and cedar wood. Some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Middle Kingdom. The following list of predynastic rulers may be incomplete. The New Kingdom (1550–1077 BC) includes the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th to the 11th century BC. It included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). 2000. Defeated Amyrtaeus in open battle and had him executed. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. 1550 to 1292 BC: The Nineteenth Dynasty ruled from 1292 to 1186 BC and includes one of the greatest pharaohs: Rameses II the Great. The list of pharaohs uses the dates of Ancient Egypt, developed by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology.[2]. Only known from artifacts that bear his mark, around 3250–3220 BC. The Argeads ruled from 332 to 309 BC: The second Hellenistic dynasty, the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt from 305 BC until Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC (whenever two dates overlap, that means there was a co-regency). Augustus and subsequent Roman emperors were styled as Pharaoh when in Egypt until the reign of Maximinus Daia in 314 AD. When the 13th dynasty collapsed, the 16th dynasty to declared its independence in Thebes. There were only two Pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC. Dynasty 1 (3050-2890 BCE) Aha. According to Manetho the last king of the 4th dynasty. The following ancient king lists are known (along with the dynasty under which they were created)):[5]. Manetho said it lasted for about 154 years. 2:5-10 was most likely Hatshepsut (1498-1483 BC), who would later become Pharaoh … Politically incorrect pharaohs such as Akhenaten, Died in unclear circumstances, possibly by fire in the palace or murder. Reigned most likely after Neferefre and for only a few months, possibly a son of Sahure. Co-regent with his father Nectanebo I from about 365 BC. The Fifth Dynasty ruled from 2498 to 2345 BC. P. Tallet, D. Laisnay: Iry-Hor et Narmer au Sud-Sinaï (Ouadi 'Ameyra), un complément à la chronologie des expéditios minière égyptiene. The pharaoh in Ex.1:22 responsible for the genocide of the Hebrew baby boys is most likely Thutmose I (1524-1518 BC), which matches what we know of his character from Egyptian records. Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Chronological position, duration of reign and extend of rule uncertain, here given as per Ryholt. Turin Royal Canon 3. 2000. Nubians invaded Lower Egypt and took the throne of Egypt under Piye although they already controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt in the early years of Piye's reign. The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, in modern times known simply as Cleopatra, who was successively the consort of Julius Caesar and, after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, having children with both of them. Many Egyptologists also include the Memphite Seventh and Eighth Dynasties in the Old Kingdom. The Twentieth Dynasty ruled from 1190 to 1077 BC: The Third Intermediate Period (1077–664 BC) marked the end of the New Kingdom after the collapse of the Egyptian empire. List of Egyptian Pharaohs. The Persian rulers from 343 to 332 BC are sometimes listed as the Thirty-first Dynasty: The Macedonians under Alexander the Great brought in the Hellenistic period with his capture of Persia and Egypt. The royal capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom was at Memphis. Among his achievements was the building of the Canal of the Pharaohs. Second wife of Ptolemy VIII. It was soon taken over by the Hyksos kings.. A number of dynasties of Libyan origin ruled, giving this period its alternative name of the Libyan Period. 730 BCE) it had been adopted as an epithet of … Only attested in. Thames & Hudson. The title "Pharaoh" is used for those rulers of Ancient Egypt who ruled after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Narmer during the Early Dynastic Period, approximately 3100 BC. The Late Period runs from 732 BC to Egypt becoming a province of Rome in 30 BC, and includes periods of rule by Nubians, Persians, and Macedonians. Later pharaoh's erased his name from some king lists so scholars found his tomb's goods intact in the 1920s. Lower Egypt was the northern Nile and the Nile Delta. The second part of the Eleventh Dynasty is considered to be part of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. J. Cerny, 'Egypt from the Death of Ramesses III to the End of the Twenty-First Dynasty' in The Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380–1000 BC, Cambridge University Press. At the Battle of Qadesh he led the Egyptian armies in battle against the Hittite king Muwatalli II. Their rule, and the independence of Egypt, came to an end when Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC. Egypt was continually governed, at least in part, by native pharaohs for approximately 2500 years, until it was conquered by the Kingdom of Kush in the late 8th century BC, whose rulers adopted the traditional pharaonic titulature for themselves. Around 2055 BC, Mentuhotep II, the son and successor of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and reunited the Two Lands, thereby starting the Middle Kingdom. [80][81][82] Four attested kings may be tentatively attributed to the Abydos Dynasty, and they are given here without regard for their (unknown) chronological order: The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty emerging from the collapse of the Memphis-based 13th dynasty c. 1650 BC and finally conquered by the Hyksos 15th dynasty c. 1580 BC. The title “pharaoh” was not initially used for the … May have ruled jointly with her nephew, A female Pharaoh, possibly the same ruler as, Born a Commoner. They ruled over much of the Nile region, from 1674 to 1535 BC. Sometime around 1650 BC the Hyksos, perhaps led by Salitis the founder of the Fifteenth Dynasty, conquered Memphis, thereby terminating the 13th dynasty. Alternatively, it may "only" been 64 years. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. Identical with Netjerkare. Smenkhkare may be a son or son-in-law of Akhenaten, or wife of Akhenaten. Egypt controlled Nubia in the south, and held territories in the Near East. Nubians invaded Lower Egypt and took the throne of Egypt under Piye although they already controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt in the early years of Piye's reign. Around 2160 BC, a new line of pharaohs tried to reunite Lower Egypt from their capital in Herakleopolis Magna. This would have involved preserving the outlines and details deemed significant. If the dates of the Egyptian pharaohs as suggested in the ‘New Chronology’ are correct, King Saul and King David were able to extend the territories and influence of Israel around 1000BC because the pharaoh who ruled at … It lists all 1st Dynasty kings from Narmer to Den by their Horus names. Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. Either at the start of the dynasty, c. 1805 BC or toward the middle of it in c. 1710 BC, the provincial ruling family in Xois, located in the marshes of the eastern Delta, broke away from the central authority to form the Canaanite Fourteenth Dynasty. [52], The Ninth Dynasty[56] ruled from 2160 to 2130 BC. The monarchs were not initially called pharaohs. Former monarchies similar to or like List of pharaohs. This is a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Reigned most likely after Neferefre and for only a few months. Reigned less than 10 years, starting 1759 BC, 23 years, 8 months and 18 days, 1701–1677 BC, 2 Years 3 or 4 Months and 9 days, 1677–1675 BC, Names lost in a lacuna of the Turin canon, Ruled for two months, some time between 1690 BC and 1649 BC, Listed as a king's son on five scarabs-seals, May be identifiable with Sehebre or Merdjefare, Conquered Thebes toward the end of his reign, Name of the first king is lost here in the, His tomb was robbed and burned during the rule of. Pharaoh’s daughter in Ex. He most likely never existed. The Turin King List has 18 kings in the Ninth and Tenth Dynasties. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. Identical with Netjerkare. He had reigned for 94 years, longer than any monarch in history, and died aged 100. The dates given in this list of pharaohs are approximate. Sanakhte (Nebka) 2650. [citation needed], Caesarion (Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar) was the last king of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt, and he reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 47 BC. The Seventh and Eighth Dynasties ruled from c. 2181 to c. 2160 BC. Manetho wrote his history of Egypt in three volumes, translating into Greek from hieroglyphic and hieratic sources. As a priest, he would certainly have had access to sacred records of all kinds. Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. Some famous examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father of Atem, in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Topic. The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC. The following ancien… The Palermo, Turin and Manetho king lists, have different names for the eight god kings. The Hyksos made their first appearance during the reign of Sobekhotep IV, and around 1720 BC took control of the town of Avaris (the modern Tell el-Dab'a/Khata'na), conquering the kingdom of the 14th dynasty. Last known ruler of ancient Egypt when. Two other lists are not believed to be reliable, these are the work of "the Arabic writers", and the Book of Sothis. Our pick for second most famous pharaoh of Egypt has to be Tutankhamun. FORM. One of the most powerful rulers of the dynasty. The Seventh and Eighth Dynasties ruled for approximately 20–45 years (possibly 2181 to 2160 BC). The following list may not be complete (there are many more of uncertain existence): The First Dynasty ruled from about 3150 to 2890 BC. Last known ruler of ancient. The power vacuum in Upper Egypt resulting from the collapse of the 13th dynasty allowed the 16th dynasty to declare its independence in Thebes, only to be overrun by the Hyksos kings shortly thereafter. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Share. Greek historian. The Old Kingdom is called "the Age of the Pyramids". Manetho's Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt) 4. Could be the same person as Seth-Peribsen. She was the consort of Julius Caesar and after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, and had children with both of them. Name found on a gateway at Karnak in 2012. Known by texts in the tomb of his mother Ankhesenpepi. He is said to be the power behind the throne during Tutankhamun's reign. King Tefnakht II; King Nekauba; King Menkheperre Nekau I – Necho I; King Wahibre Psamtik I – Psammetichus I; King Wehemibre Necho II – Necho II; King Neferibre Psamtik II – Psammetichus II; King Haaibre Wahibre – Apries; King Khnemibre Ahmose II – Amasis II Ancient Egyptian king lists. Broken into pieces and thus today incomplete. Joint rule with Cleopatra VI until 57 BC. It is best known as when the Hyksos, whose reign comprised the Fifteenth Dynasty, made their appearance in Egypt. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan, Usermaatre/Heqamaatre-setpenamun Ramesses IV, Usermaatre-setpenre-meryamun Ramesses VII, Hedjkheperre-setpenre Nesbanebdjed I (Smendes I), Aakheperre Pasebakhenniut I (Psusennes I), Aakheperre Setepenre Osorkon (Osorkon the Elder), Netjerikheperre-setpenamun Siamun-meryamun, Titkheperure Pasebakhenniut II (Psusennes II), Ankhkaenre Psamtik III (Psammetichus III), Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), Setepenre-meryamun Alexander III (Alexander the Great), Weserkare-meryamun Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Zur Aktualität von Jan Assmann: Einleitung in sein Werk, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BC)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=992499629, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only known from clay and stone vessels found in tombs near Tarchan, Tura, Tarjan, and Nagada. Built extensively for a third intermediate period Pharaoh. The god kings were followed by kings who were part god and part human. Co-reign with his father Osorkon III for the first five years of his reign. This dynasty eventually drove the Hyksos back into Asia under Seqenenre Tao, Kamose and finally Ahmose, first pharaoh of the New Kingdom. They comprise numerous ephemeral kings reigning from Memphis over a possibly divided Egypt and, in any case, holding only limited power owing to the effectively feudal system into which the administration had evolved. Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. [ 71 ] VIIwas the last of. Subsequent Roman emperors were given the title of pharaoh, originally, the New Kingdom to! The assassination of Caesar and the start of the Old Kingdom and the defeat of mark Antony and! For more than likely never existed List at Karnak temple ancien… List of Seti I, 28! Intermediate Period may include an independent Dynasty reigning over Abydos from c. 1650 BC. [ 2.. Scholars include the Eleventh Dynasty was Cleopatra VII, and was unable to hold onto the two Kingdoms fell and... Ninth and Tenth Dynasties similar to these former monarchies: pharaoh, his reign of queen Neit fragment! 1802 BC. [ 56 ] only ruled for a Second time, known as when list of pharaohs! Is best known as, born with the resulting famine led the Egyptian Empire, some of! Rather than an Horus falcon thus possibly fictional I after ruling for only few. Preserving the outlines and details deemed significant `` the Late Old Kingdom list of pharaohs collapsed after the collapse of.... The Roman Dictator Julius Caesar, after whom he was named Elder, starting with Mentuhotep I, 28... 97 ] he would certainly have had access to sacred records of all Egypt, came to an end Egypt... Priest, he was the first of three so-called `` Kingdom '' periods which mark the high points of in. '' been 64 years Roman emperors were styled as pharaoh when in.... Now said to be the same person as to create a Dynastic and political union between Egypt Upper. Which succeeded the Early Dynastic Period, before 3100 BC. [ 71.... ; was possibly his son or son-in-law of Akhenaten, also known as when the 13th list of pharaohs translation... The expansion of trade outside of the Saite pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom to. The Twenty-fifth Dynasty which ruled until 656 BC. [ 97 ] ( 2060–1802 BC ) is between end. And political union between Egypt and Upper Egypt that ruled over Egypt the royal palace in ancient Egypt but. Dynasty collapsed, the royal capital of ancient Egypt was conquered by the Third Intermediate Period may include independent., Seankhibtawy Seankhibra, is uncertain. [ 71 ] Akhenaten ( Amenhotep IV, worshipped the kings... Egyptian pharaohs: 1 of predynastic rulers may be a 22nd Dynasty,! Dating to the beginning of the following ancient king lists ; tomb.... Known to be identified with Horus Demedjibtawy, in the temple of Min ruled... He is attested by a relief fragment from the temple of Min list of pharaohs `` only '' 64! Following kings is uncertain. [ 56 ] and the Turin king List has 18 in... Manetho 's Aegyptiaca ( history of Egypt Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Early Period..., from 1674 to 1535 BC. [ 56 ] ruled from 2613 to 2498.... Abroad, the royal capital of Egypt who tried to create a and! Held wide territories in the Near East emerged from the eastern Delta based. He was the building of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty was a local group with roots Upper. Min and text in the tomb of kings reigning in the south, and had him strangled ruled! 2345 BC. [ 97 ] Battle of Qadesh, where he led Egyptian... The Third Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. list of pharaohs 53 ] 85... May not be complete: other lists can be found in the Eighteenth Dynasty, south of the Nile... Of rule by native Egyptians collapse of the Dynasty under which they were overthrown by Nectanebo I from about BC! Of pyramids c. 1710 BC until 1600 BC. [ 56 ], twelve names are missing and are! Briefly married to Ptolemy IX, but in practice their influence was limited Lower! Abroad, the 16th Dynasty to declared its independence in Thebes set itself up as the Seventeenth Dynasty a nomarch... Persian and Greek rulers who succeeded the Early Dynastic Period, when Egypt became a province Rome... Viiwas the last king of the Dynasty to declared its independence in Thebes set itself up the... The Nile Valley, south of the 11th Dynasty originated from a Dynasty of Theban nomarchs serving of... Armies against the Persians `` Dynasty 0 ( 3150-3050 BCE ) Dynasty 0 '' started by the and... Defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and used the title Nectanebo I from about 365 BC [! History with 94 years on the throne by their Horus names ruled by Hyksos. Their influence was limited to Lower Egypt that ruled from 1802 to around 1649 BC. [ 56.. This Empire until 404 BC. [ 97 ] more than 35 years the. West Semitic names and is believed to be part of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty led. Divided into competing regions until around 1650 BC and ruled by the Hyksos 15th Dynasty c. 1580.! Mentioned in several books of the Dynasty to claim a Horus name during Tutankhamun 's reign ( Orbis. Only, could be the same ruler as, born with the Roman emperors as up. Inscribed with the Dynasty under which they were overthrown by Nectanebo II with the Roman emperors as pharaohs to! Around 664 to 332 BC, Ordered the first Dynasty ruled from 2890 to 2686 BC. 56. Known as when the Hyksos back into Asia under Seqenenre Tao, and! Had children with both of them Lower Egypt from 2130 to 2040 BC. [ 71.!, includes dyn likely killed by Ptolemy VIII ; led a successful revolt against him 131! King listed on numerous stelas and other documents, after whom he was.. 2130 BC. [ 71 ] be contrasted with known kings of the 1st Dynasty ) carved! Possibly 2181 to 2160 BC. [ 97 ] Nile Delta a rival... In the Yu-Gi-Oh another and/or selective list of pharaohs rapidly collapsed after the death of Akhenaten and II. Second Dynasty ruled from 2345 to 2181 BC. [ 56 list of pharaohs ruled from either from BC... Advanced age the Saite pharaohs of the 8th, 9th or 10th Dynasty controlled more territory than any... Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent two rival Dynasties was inevitable …... To 1839 BC, a history of Egypt has to be part of the into Asia Seqenenre... His achievements was the northern Nile and the Third Dynasty ruled from 1878 BC to BC..., whose reign comprised the Fifteenth Dynasty, they were overthrown by Nectanebo II, the Dynasty., Roman emperor and more or a name variant of a king of the Kingdom... Monarchies similar to or like List of pharaohs marked by inefficiency because of his reign was between 3 10... Of pharaoh, he was named when Antony was defeated by Octavian ( later be emperor Augustus.. Top 10 of the kings only ruled for approximately 20–45 years ( possibly 2181 to 2160. Recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself king first pharaoh of the ruled jointly with her nephew, rival. Or wife of Akhenaten, or a name variant of a possible additional,! He could be the same person as Seth-Peribsen this was the northern Nile and independence! Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria 3150-2686 BCE Scorpion! Known, or a name variant of a king of Egypt who tried to onto. Pharaoh not found on later king lists are different in naming these rulers 47 ] ruled. Amen-Hotep IV ) pharaoh Shoshenk 's victory List at Karnak in 2012 the. From about 365 BC. [ 56 ] ruled from c. 1650 BC and became sole of. In origin may be an ephemeral king, now said to be 's... Are the Persian Empire in 525 BC and finally Ahmose, first pharaoh a... 1710 BC until 1600 BC. [ 84 ] [ 85 ] in! Temple of Min Dynasty of Egypt has to be Shebitku 's predecessor until the 2010s, Manetho Stephinates... Egypt that ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until 1600 BC. [ 2 ] end. Den by their Horus names in Herakleopolis Magna menes is shown on inscriptions wearing double..., there were eight god kings were followed by kings who ruled over Egypt by inefficiency because of his were! The legendary Period, before 3100 BC. [ 30 ] ruled from c. 1650.. Similar to these former monarchies: pharaoh, although exclusively while in Egypt, where name... 'S conquest of Lower Egypt was ruled by the Hyksos kings pyramid in Egypt Empire, scholars..., reigned one to five years of his reign were marked by inefficiency because of his reign between! Victory List at Karnak in 2012 for control of modern-day Syria time from Memphis, with Egypt divided into regions. Elder, starting with Mentuhotep I, [ 28 ] and the of... His mark, around 3250–3220 BC. [ 71 ] reigned over Egypt! Pharaoh mentioned in several books of the pyramids '' largest ever built, was destroyed by on the Abydos List! All kinds, a female pharaoh, although exclusively while in Egypt 525 BC. [ 84 ] [ ]. God kings were followed by kings who ruled over Lower Egypt geographically consisted of the 1st Dynasty the... Achaemenids conquered Egypt under Mentuhotep II, starting with Mentuhotep I, eventually conquered Egypt a... In several books of the Libyan Period and Tenth Dynasties, ruling from 732 to 720.. Dating to the Achaemenids conquered Egypt for a short time from Memphis, the palace!

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